A carbon monoxide irreducible form of cytochrome c oxidase and other unusual properties of the "monomeric" shark enzyme.
Contrary to previous reports, the functional and spectral properties of "monomeric" shark cytochrome c oxidases are not entirely similar to those of the "dimeric" beef enzyme. Most significantly, unlike the behavior of beef oxidase, the fully oxidized shark enzyme is not reducible by carbon monoxide. Also, preparations of the shark enzyme, isolated at pH 7.8-8.0, lead to more than 60% of the sample always being obtained in a resting form, whereas similarly prepared beef oxidase is very often obtained, both by ourselves and others, exclusively in the pulsed form. Although the electronic absorption, magnetic circular dichroism and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra of cytochrome c oxidase obtained from several shark species are similar to those of the beef enzyme, there are some significant differences. In particular, the Soret maximum is at 422 nm in the case of the fully oxidized resting shark oxidases at physiological pH and not 418 nm as commonly found for the beef enzyme. Moreover, the resting shark oxidases do not necessarily exhibit a "g = 12" signal in their EPR spectra. The turnover numbers of recent preparations of the shark enzyme are higher than previously reported and, interestingly, do not differ within experimental uncertainty from those documented for several beef isoenzymes assayed under comparable conditions.
Holm, DE; Godette, G; Bonaventura, C; Bonaventura, J; Boatright, MD; Pearce, LL; Peterson, J
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