Immunological correspondence between arthropod hemocyanin subunits. II. Xiphosuran (Limulus) and spider (Eurypelma, Cupiennius) hemocyanin.
The hemocyanins of the horseshoe crab Limulus polyphemus (48-mer), the tarantula Eurypelma californicum (24-mer), and the lycosid spider Cupiennius salei (dodecamer, hexamer) were dissociated into subunits, the subunits isolated and studied by two-dimensional immunoelectrophoresis for interspecific cross-reactivities. Among the subunits a to g of Eurypelma on the one side, and I to VI of Limulus on the other, a number of cross-reactions were obtained which agree with the topologic subunit positions in the published models of quaternary structure: a = II, b-c = V-VI, d = IV, e = I, f = IIIb, g = IIIa (IIa). However, cross-reactivity was only strong in the following combinations: a/II, d/IV, b-c/V-VI (the monomers of the two heterodimers could not be correlated individually). A rather weak cross-reaction was obtained in the case of e/I and g/IIIa (IIa); a cross-reaction between f and IIIb was almost undetectable. On the other hand, f/IV clearly cross-reacted, and so did e/IIIa (IIa), which apparently is not in agreement with the two models of quaternary structure. These unexpected relationships, however, indicate the possible phylogeny of the subunits. Antiserum against Cupiennius hemocyanin precipitated subunit f of Eurypelma and subunit IV of Limulus and, moreover, revealed common antigen determinants present on these subunits. Denaturation of hemocyanin subunits of the three species with 8M urea yielded a completely different immunological behavior in that in all intra- and interspecific combinations the reaction of immunological identity was obtained. The published models of quaternary structure and a possible subunit phylogeny of cheliceratan hemocyanins is discussed in view of the present results and the results of the preceding paper. [Markl, J. et al. (1984) Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem. 365, 619-631.]
Kempter, B; Markl, J; Brenowitz, M; Bonaventura, C; Bonaventura, J
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