Functional consequences of ligand-linked dissociation in hemoglobin from the sea cucumber Molpadia arenicola.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

It has been established that Molpadia hemoglobin tends to dissociate into subunits as oxygen is bound. The kinetics and equilibria of carbon monoxide and ethylisocyanide binding reported here show a dependence on protein concentration that supports the conclusion that the aggregated hemoglobin has a lower ligand affinity than the dissociated subunits. This is true for the isolated D-chain as well as for the unfractionated hemolysate that contains four distinct polypeptide chains (A-D). This indicates that even homopolymers of Molpadia hemoglobin have lower ligand affinity than the dissociated subunits. At high protein concentration hemolysates of Molpadia hemoglobin show slight cooperativity. The time course of ligand binding to the deoxy D-chain also suggests cooperative interactions. The low affinity of the aggregated state may have a different molecular explanation than in human hemoglobin where tetramers of identical subunits (as in Hb H) show high oxygen affinity. The absence of tyrosine and histidine at the C-terminal of the Molpadia D-chains also suggests a different stabilization of the low affinity deoxy state. An additional functional difference between Molpadia hemoglobin and human hemoglobin is that organic phosphates do not alter the ligand affinity of the sea cucumber hemoglobin.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bonaventura, C; Bonaventura, J; Kitto, B; Brunori, M; Antonini, E

Published Date

  • May 1, 1976

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 428 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 779 - 786

PubMed ID

  • 1276182

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-2434

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-3002

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0304-4165(76)90209-9


  • eng