Dissociation between global and regional systolic and diastolic ventricular function during coronary occlusion and reperfusion.
Indexes of global ventricular function such as the ejection fraction (EF) and the peak diastolic filling rate (PDFR) are often used to assess the effects of coronary recanalization in patients with myocardial infarction. In this investigation we assessed the relationship between these global indexes and directly measured indexes of regional function during 15 minutes of coronary occlusion followed by 120 minutes of reperfusion in 22 open-chest dogs. A computerized nuclear cardiac probe was used to assess EF and PDFR. Indexes of regional function were measured by Doppler ultrasonic wall-thickening probes. During coronary occlusion, paradoxical systolic thinning occurred and the EF and PDFR decreased an average of 31.6% and 24.4%, respectively. During reperfusion the EF and PDFR improved rapidly and at 60 minutes were similar to baseline. Systolic wall thickening improved more gradually and remained abnormal throughout reperfusion. Likewise, indexes of diastolic function (mean rate to half end-diastolic thinning and late diastolic thinning fraction) recovered slowly and remained abnormal throughout reperfusion (78% and 69.7%, respectively). The correlation between the rate of change of global and regional function was poor during both coronary occlusion and reperfusion. Thus, during coronary occlusion the global and regional indexes of ventricular function undergo directionally similar changes. However, during coronary reperfusion the global indexes do not reflect the slow recovery of the stunned myocardium.
Verani, MS; Bolli, R; Tadros, S; Myers, ML; Borges Neto, S; Jain, A; Phillips, L; Roberts, R
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