Paradoxical cerebral arterial embolization of cement during intraoperative vertebroplasty: case report.


Journal Article

Paradoxical cerebral embolism of cement occurred in a 78-year-old woman after cement-assisted transpedicular spinal fixation surgery. Multiple pulmonary emboli of polymethylmethacrylate precipitated pulmonary hypertension and right-to-left shunting into the systemic circulation through a patent foramen ovale. This rare complication occurred because of failure to recognize venous migration of cement during the procedure and the injection of multiple levels in one setting. Although this was an open procedure, the technical aspects were the same as for vertebroplasty and the precautions should be applied to percutaneous vertebroplasty.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Scroop, R; Eskridge, J; Britz, GW

Published Date

  • May 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 868 - 870

PubMed ID

  • 12006295

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12006295

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1936-959X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0195-6108


  • eng