Higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in African-American women with polycystic ovary syndrome compared with Caucasian counterparts.
CONTEXT: Studies have demonstrated lipid differences among African-Americans and Caucasians and between women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and normally ovulating women. However, few studies have examined racial differences in lipoprotein levels in women with PCOS. OBJECTIVE: This study compared lipoprotein levels in African-American and Caucasian women with PCOS. DESIGN AND SETTING: We performed a retrospective chart review of 398 subjects seen as new patients for PCOS at the Duke University Medical Center Endocrinology Clinic in Durham, NC. PATIENTS: We identified 126 charts appropriate for review, based on a diagnosis of PCOS (using the 1990 National Institutes of Health criteria), a self-reported race of either Caucasian or African-American, and a body mass index (BMI) higher than 25. We excluded patients taking glucophage, oral contraceptives, or lipid-lowering medications. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Age, BMI, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, random triglycerides (TG), and oral glucose tolerance test measurements were collected and included in the analysis. RESULTS: African-American women with PCOS had higher HDL cholesterol levels (52.6 vs. 47.5 mg/dl, P = 0.019), lower non-HDL cholesterol (134.1 vs. 154.6 mg/dl, P = 0.046), and lower TG levels (97.5 vs. 168.2 mg/dl, P < 0.001) than Caucasian women. These differences could not be attributed to age, BMI, or differences in insulin resistance as determined by homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance. CONCLUSION: African-American women with PCOS appear to have a more favorable lipid profile than Caucasian women with PCOS having higher HDL cholesterol, lower non-HDL cholesterol, and lower TG when BMI and insulin resistance are equal.
Koval, KW; Setji, TL; Reyes, E; Brown, AJ
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)