The effect of cigarette smoke extract on trophoblast cell viability and migration: the role of adrenomedullin.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We tested the hypothesis that cigarette smoke extract (CSE) leads to differences in expression of genes involved in angiogenesis and affects cell viability and migration in a first-trimester cytotrophoblast cell line (HTR-8/SVneo). HTR-8/SVneo cells were treated with 1% CSE, and gene expression for adrenomedullin (ADM), placental growth factor (PlGF), soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFLT-1), and vascular endothelia growth factor (VEGF) and protein content for ADM, PlGF, and sFlt-1 determined. A cell viability assay and a cell migration scratch assay were utilized following treatment with CSE with and without ADM inhibitor. Adrenomedullin, PlGF, and VEGF gene transcripts were significantly upregulated by 1% CSE treatment compared with unstimulated cells or cells treated with nicotine alone. Neither 1% CSE nor nicotine treatment alone affected sFlt-1 gene expression. There was a significant increase in secreted ADM protein from cells treated with 1% CSE detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay, though no differences in PlGF or sFlt-1 production were seen. Treatment with 1% CSE increased cell viability and cell migration compared with unstimulated cells and was inhibited by co-treatment with ADM inhibitor. Treatment of a first-trimester trophoblast cell line with CSE increases cell viability and cell migration that are reversed by co-treatment with ADM inhibitor, suggesting that ADM at least partially mediates cell growth and viability following CSE treatment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Beiswenger, TR; Feng, L; Brown, HL; Heine, RP; Murtha, AP; Grotegut, CA

Published Date

  • May 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 526 - 533

PubMed ID

  • 22267538

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1933-7205

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/1933719111426600


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States