Fully-polarimetric MIMO to improve throughput and reliability across propagation conditions
Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) functionality has been shown to dramatically increase the capacity of wireless communication systems when the environment provides rich multipath scattering. In a predominantly Line-of-Sight (LOS) environment, the loss of diversity reduces the potential gain considerably. This can be remedied in part by the use of dual-polarized antennas, which increases the rank of the wireless channel and introduces diversity, while minimizing the antenna's form factor. However the performance of a dual-polarized antenna is still degraded by antenna rotations that are typical of mobile terminal operation. This paper presents a solution which uses a triad antenna at the transmitter and a triad at the receiver, to provide a 8-10 dB gain over the baseline dual-polarized system. A triad is composed of three orthogonal dipoles oriented in perpendicular directions. A triad antenna can generate an arbitrary oscillating dipole moment at the transmitter and consequently an arbitrary polarized electric field at the receiver, subject only to the constraints imposed by the physics of the Electromagnetic (EM) field. We show that, in LOS environments, the capacity of the channel is invariant under arbitrary rotations of the transmit and/or receive antennas about their centres. Simulation results show that the performance is stable as the propagation environment varies from rich scattering to pure LOS. A full rate 3×3 Space-Time Block Code (STBC) is proposed for the triad system that is designed for low complexity decoding. © 2009 Crown.
Sirianunpiboon, S; Howard, SD; Calderbank, AR; Davis, LM
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