Conduct of clinical trials in acute heart failure: regional differences in heart failure clinical trials.


Journal Article (Review)

Clinical trials are often conducted globally. Differences in standard of care, patient populations including genetic and phenotypic differences, disease etiologies, rates of comorbidities, ascertainment of endpoints, and differences in concomitant therapies and medical culture may influence subsequent outcomes. There has been little consensus on how clinical trial results should be evaluated. This article reviews the differences in cardiovascular trial results by geographic region, offers potential explanations for these differences, and suggests methods for standardization of trial results.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fiuzat, M; Califf, RM

Published Date

  • October 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 539 - 544

PubMed ID

  • 21925437

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21925437

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1551-7136

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.hfc.2011.06.004


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States