Complementary roles of the DRY motif and C-terminus tail of GPCRS for G protein coupling and β-arrestin interaction

Journal Article

β-arrestin mediates the desensitization of GPCRs and acts as an adaptor molecule to recruit the receptor complex to clathrin-rich regions. Class-A GPCRs subsequently dissociate from β-arrestin but class-B GPCRs internalize with β-arrestin in the endocytic vesicles. Here the dopamine D2 and D3 receptors, which have similar structural features but different intracellular trafficking properties, were used in an attempt to better understand the structural requirements for the classification of GPCRs. The C-terminus tail of the vasopressin type-2 receptor was added to the ends of D2R and D3R to increase their affinity to β-arrestin. A point mutation was introduced into the DRY motif to change their basal activation levels. Among a battery of constructs in which the C-terminus tail and/or DRY motif was altered, class-B behavior was observed with the constructs whose affinities for β-arrestin were increased complementarily and their signaling was either maintained or regained. In conclusion, the DRY motif and C-terminal tail of the GPCRs determine complementarily their intracellular trafficking behavior by regulating the affinity to β-arrestin and G protein coupling. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kim, K-M; Caron, MG

Published Date

  • 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 366 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 42 - 47

PubMed ID

  • 18036556

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-291X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.11.055