Binding of the opiate-like pentapeptide methionine-enkephalin to a particulate fraction from rat brain
The characteristics of stereospecific binding of [3H] met-enkephalin (15 Ci/mmole) were studied in a particulate fraction from rat brain. The binding assay was performed for 70 min at 0°C and the bound radioactivity separated by filtration through glass fiber filters (Whatman, GF C). In the absence of sodium, binding of [3H] met-enkephalin could be described on the basis of two independent binding sites with apparent KDs of 2.1 and 53 nM, respectively. The data are also consistent with one class of binding sites showing negative cooperativity. In the presence of 100 mM NaCl, binding of [3H] met-enkephalin was 90-95% reduced, thus indicating the agonist properties of the peptide. The highly stereospecific binding of [3H] met-enkephalin was evidenced by the 10,000-fold greater potency of levorphanol than its analgesically inactive enantiomer dextrorphan to compete for [3H] met-enkephalin binding. Similar conclusions could be reached using levallorphan, (+)-3-hydro-N-allyl-morphinan, (-) methadone and (+) methadone. The apparent affinity of various opiate agonists and antagonists for the binding sites was closely correlated with their known pharmacological activity. © 1976.
Morin, O; Caron, MG; De Lean, A; Labrie, F
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