Myeloablative intravenous busulfan/fludarabine conditioning does not facilitate reliable engraftment of dual umbilical cord blood grafts in adult recipients.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The efficacy of once-daily intravenous busulfan with fludarabine as a preparative regimen for partially matched umbilical cord blood transplantation has not been formally studied. We randomized 10 adult patients with myeloid malignancies to receive either concurrent or sequential administration of intravenous busulfan 130 mg/m(2) once daily x 4 days and fludarabine 40 mg/m(2) daily x 4 days, followed by dual umbilical cord blood transplantation. The median combined cryopreserved total nucleated cell dose was 3.6 x 10(7)/kg recipient body weight (range: 2.8-4.5 x 10(7)/kg). Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis was provided by tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Donor-derived neutrophil recovery was observed in only 2 of 10 patients, resulting in premature closure of the study as per graft failure stopping rules. We conclude that the myeloablative conditioning regimen of once-daily intravenous busulfan with fludarabine provides insufficient immunosuppression to allow for engraftment of partially matched, dual umbilical cord blood grafts.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Horwitz, ME; Morris, A; Gasparetto, C; Sullivan, K; Long, G; Chute, J; Rizzieri, D; McPherson, J; Chao, N

Published Date

  • May 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 591 - 594

PubMed ID

  • 18410902

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2430979

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1523-6536

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.bbmt.2008.02.016


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States