Design, synthesis, and evaluation of diarylpyridines and diarylanilines as potent non-nucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors.
On the basis of the structures and activities of our previously identified non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), we designed and synthesized two sets of derivatives, diarylpyridines (A) and diarylanilines (B), and tested their anti-HIV-1 activity against infection by HIV-1 NL4-3 and IIIB in TZM-bl and MT-2 cells, respectively. The results showed that most compounds exhibited potent anti-HIV-1 activity with low nanomolar EC50 values, and some of them, such as 13m, 14c, and 14e, displayed high potency with subnanomolar EC50 values, which were more potent than etravirine (TMC125, 1) in the same assays. Notably, these compounds were also highly effective against infection by multi-RTI-resistant strains, suggesting a high potential to further develop these compounds as a novel class of NNRTIs with improved antiviral efficacy and resistance profile.
Tian, X; Qin, B; Wu, Z; Wang, X; Lu, H; Morris-Natschke, SL; Chen, CH; Jiang, S; Lee, K-H; Xie, L
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