Betulinic acid derivatives as human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) inhibitors.
We previously reported that [[N-[3beta-hydroxyllup-20(29)-en-28-oyl]-7-aminoheptyl]carbamoyl]methane (A43D, 4) was a potent HIV-1 entry inhibitor. However, 4 was inactive against HIV-2 virus, suggesting the structural requirements for targeting these two retroviruses are different. In this study, a series of new betulinic acid derivatives were synthesized, and some of them displayed selective anti-HIV-2 activity at nanomolar concentrations. In comparison to compounds with anti-HIV-1 activity, a shorter C-28 side chain is required for optimal anti-HIV-2 activity.
Dang, Z; Lai, W; Qian, K; Ho, P; Lee, K-H; Chen, C-H; Huang, L
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