High-level production of recombinant human lysosomal acid alpha-glucosidase in Chinese hamster ovary cells which targets to heart muscle and corrects glycogen accumulation in fibroblasts from patients with Pompe disease.
Infantile Pompe disease is a fatal genetic muscle disorder caused by a deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase, a glycogen-degrading lysosomal enzyme. We constructed a plasmid containing a 5'-shortened human acid alpha-glucosidase cDNA driven by the cytomegalovirus promoter, as well as the aminoglycoside phosphotransferase and dihydrofolate reductase genes. Following transfection in dihydrofolate reductase-deficient Chinese hamster ovary cells, selection with Geneticin, and amplification with methotrexate, a cell line producing high levels of the alpha-glucosidase was established. In 48 hr, the cells cultured in Iscove's medium with 5 mM butyrate secreted 110-kDa precursor enzyme that accumulated to 91 micrograms.ml-1 in the medium (activity, > 22.6 mumol.hr-1.ml-1). This enzyme has a pH optimum similar to that of the mature form, but a lower Vmax and Km for 4-methylumbelliferyl-alpha-D-glucoside. It is efficiently taken up by fibroblasts from Pompe patients, restoring normal levels of acid alpha-glucosidase and glycogen. The uptake is blocked by mannose 6-phosphate. Following intravenous injection, high enzyme levels are seen in heart and liver. An efficient production system now exists for recombinant human acid alpha-glucosidase targeted to heart and capable of correcting fibroblasts from patients with Pompe disease.
Van Hove, JL; Yang, HW; Wu, JY; Brady, RO; Chen, YT
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