Characterization of tumor-specific cytotoxic effector cells with a novel CD3-/Thy-1+ phenotype.

Published

Journal Article

The introduction and expression of allogeneic MHC class I genes in tumors can generate tumor-specific immunity which subsequently results in the regression of parental tumors. Immunization of naive (AKR/J x C57BL/6)F1 mice with H-2Kb-transformed K36 tumor cells was found to render recipient mice immune to a subsequent challenge by parental K36 tumor cells. Two types of cytotoxic T effector cells were demonstrated in these immune mice. One of the cytotoxic effector cells generated against the K36 tumor cells is the conventional CD3+ cells, and these account for approximately one-third of the total observed tumor-specific cytotoxicity in vitro. The other cytotoxic effector cell generated following the immunization of (AKR/J x C57BL/6)F1 mice with the H-2Kb-transformed K36 cells had the CD3-/Thy-1+ phenotype, and accounted for the remaining two-thirds of the observed tumor-specific cytotoxicity in vitro. These CD3-/Thy-1+ cells can lyse parental K36 tumor cells in a tumor-specific fashion, and tumor-specific immunity can be adoptively transferred to naive animals via the CD3-/Thy-1+ cells. In contrast to CD3+ CTL, CD3-/Thy-1+ cells express CD45RBlow, Ly-6Chigh, and HSA molecules. Although the CD3-/Thy-1+ cells can be activated in vitro by IL-2, TPA, and ionomycin, they cannot be propagated in vitro. The CD3-/Thy-1+ cells undergo apoptosis following prolonged culture in vitro. At present, the exact mechanism(s) by which CD3-/Thy-1+ cells can mediate tumor-specific cell lysis in the absence of identifiable T cell receptor molecules is unknown; nevertheless, these data suggest the existence of a novel T cell type to combat tumors.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sabapathy, TK; Cheng, Q; Hui, KM

Published Date

  • November 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 166 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 141 - 153

PubMed ID

  • 7585974

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7585974

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0008-8749

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1006/cimm.1995.0016

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands