New insights into angiotensin receptor actions: from blood pressure to aging.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is critical for cardiovascular control, impacting normal physiology and disease pathogenesis. Although several biologically active peptides are generated by this system, its major actions are mediated by angiotensin II acting through its type 1 (AT1) and type 2 (AT2) receptors. Along with their effects to influence blood pressure and hemodynamics, recent studies have provided evidence that angiotensin receptors influence a range of processes independent from hemodynamic effects.This review is focused on new molecular mechanisms underlying actions of AT1 receptors to influence vasoconstriction, inflammation, immune responses, and longevity. Moreover, we also highlight new advances in understanding functions of the AT2 receptor in end-organ damage, emphasizing the AT2 receptor as a potential therapeutic target in cardiovascular diseases.Here we review recent advances in understanding the role of angiotensin receptors in normal physiology and disease states, focusing on their properties that may contribute to blood pressure regulation, end-organ damage, autoimmune disease and longevity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Stegbauer, J; Coffman, TM

Published Date

  • January 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 84 - 88

PubMed ID

  • 21076298

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21076298

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1473-6543

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1062-4821

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/MNH.0b013e3283414d40

Language

  • eng