Protein kinase C and Ca2+
activation of mucin secretion in airway goblet cells
Airway goblet cells secrete mucin in response to ATP and uridine 5'- triphosphate (UTP), but the underlying signal transduction pathways are poorly understood. Cultures of SPOC1 cells (L. H. Abdullah, S. W. Davis, L. Burch, M. Yamauchi, S. H. Randell, P. Nettesheim, and C. W. Davis. Biochem. J. 316: 943-951, 1996) secreted mucin on exposure to phorbol 12-myristate 13- acetate (PMA) [apparent affinity (K0.5) ~100 nM] and ionomycin (K0.5 ~5 μM) almost fivefold over baseline. Thapsigargin also elicited secretion (K0.5 ~20 nM). Ionomycin and PMA together elicited approximately twice the secretion of either agent alone. Overnight exposure to half-maximal PMA abolished the response to maximal doses of UTP and PMA, whereas ionomycin was fully effective. Protein kinase C (PKC) activity in the membrane fraction was increased by maximal doses of PMA and UTP, whereas ionomycin had no effect. PKC inhibitors were relatively ineffective against PMA- and UTP-induced mucin secretion. Human and canine goblet cells in epithelial explants, by video microscopy, underwent exocytosis with ionomycin (1 μM) and PMA (0.1 or 1 μM). SPOC1 cell mucin secretion was not stimulated by forskolin, 8-(4- chlorophenylthio)-adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate, or 8-bromoguanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate. Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator was not detected in SPOC1 cells by Western blotting, and its mRNA was detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR) only as a very weak band and after 55 PCR cycles. Multi-drug resistance (MDR1), however, was readily detected by Western blotting, and its mRNA was detected as a major band after 35 PCR cycles. Thus airway goblet cell mucin secretion, distal to receptor activation, may be regulated independently by Ca2+and PKC-dependent pathways. Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator and cyclic nucleotides, however, may not play a major role in this secretion.
Abdullah, LH; Conway, JD; Cohn, JA; Davis, CW
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