Associations between temperament and DSM-IV externalizing disorders in children and adolescents.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This study investigated associations between child temperament and DSM-IV disorders in children. A total of 156 probands (97 boys, 59 girls; mean age = 10.78 years) and 154 randomly selected siblings were assessed using the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI) and a structured DSM-IV interview. Subjects were placed in nonoverlapping groups of (1) attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) only, (2) disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) only, (3) DBD plus an affective and/or anxiety disorder (DBD+Int), and (4) controls with no diagnosis. Many JTCI scales were found to differ between diagnostic groups and controls. Regression analyses showed independent associations between low persistence and ADHD-only group membership, high novelty seeking (NS), and the DBD-only group and between high harm avoidance (HA) and DBD+Int group membership. The interaction NS x HA was related to the ADHD-only group. Future research is needed to determine the mechanism of these association.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rettew, DC; Copeland, W; Stanger, C; Hudziak, JJ

Published Date

  • December 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 383 - 391

PubMed ID

  • 15613986

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3319040

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0196-206X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/00004703-200412000-00001


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States