Carbon and oxygen isotopic disequilibria of recent deep-sea benthic foraminifera
The carbon and oxygen isotopic compositions of 149 samples of benthic foraminifera from deep-sea core tops indicate that none of the nine species studied secrete calcium carbonate in isotopic equilibrium with ambient bottom water. Uvigerina, Pyrgo murrhina, and Oridorsalis tener are the closest to 18O equilibrium (with average deviations about -0.4‰), while Planulina wuellerstorfi and P. murrhina are the closest to 13C equilibrium (with average deviations about -1‰). P. wuellerstorfi shows the most systematic relationship between δ 13C and bottom water apparent oxygen utilization. The intraspecific variabilities in δ 18O and δ 13C suggest that estimates of bottom water paleotemperatures can be made to a precision of ± 0.7°C, while estimates of past apparent oxygen utilization (AOU) can be made to ± 35 μmol/kg. Based on intraspecific comparisons of the Recent samples with fossils, no temporal changes in the degree of either 18O or 13C disequilibrium have been detected for Planulina wuellerstorfi, Uvigerina, Oridorsalis tener and Globocassidulina subglobosa. © 1981.
Graham, DW; Corliss, BH; Bender, ML; Jr, LDK
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