The management of trauma venous injury: civilian and wartime experiences.
The management of venous trauma continues to be debated. Historically, ligation of injured veins is the most common modality of surgical treatment. In the past half-century, additional techniques have been used, including primary repair, interposition graft, and occasionally endovascular techniques. Venous repair, whether in the acute or chronic setting, is believed to prevent or ameliorate the complications of pain, edema, and phlegmasia. Venous repair in civilian trauma and in wartime is commonplace; however, overall treatment strategies remain largely unchanged since the Vietnam War.
Quan, RW; Adams, ED; Cox, MW; Eagleton, MJ; Weber, MA; Fox, CJ; Gillespie, DL
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