Physical and materials applications of pincer complexes
Pincer complexes have been shown to be widely useful and versatile in organic synthesis and catalysis, but they have also been employed in a wide range of intriguing physical and materials applications. The capacity for selective and directional metal-ligand coordination offers a tool for construction and function. Pincer complexes have been successfully used as a means for templating macrocycles, assembling metallodendrimers, functionalizing surfaces, and functionalizing polymer chains. Furthermore, pincer complexes have proven to be useful mechanistic probes of polymer physical processes, linear polymers, networks, cross-linked brushes, films, and gels. Recently, the activity of pincer complexes has extended into the realm of mechanochemistry, with applications in fundamental mechanistic studies as well as mechanocatalysis. This chapter explores the use of pincer metal-ligand coordination events in these various physical and materials contexts. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
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