A clinical cardiovascular magnetic resonance service: operational considerations and the basic examination.
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is now considered the "gold standard" for the assessment of regional and global systolic function, myocardial infarction and viability, and congenital heart disease. At specialized centers, CMR has become a clinical workhorse for the evaluation of ischemic heart disease and for heart failure and cardiomyopathies. Despite this versatility, general acceptance of CMR in cardiovascular medicine has progressed slowly. This article provides a basic understanding of important operational considerations when starting a CMR service and describes a conceptual framework of the components of a CMR examination.
Kim, HW; Crowley, AL; Kim, RJ
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