31P NMR probes of chemical dynamics: paramagnetic relaxation enhancement of the (1)H and (31)P NMR resonances of methyl phosphite and methylethyl phosphate anions by selected metal complexes.
Methyl phosphite ((CH(3)O)P(H)(O)(2)(-); MeOPH) and methylethyl phosphate ((CH(3)O)P(OCH(2)CH(3))(O)(2)(-); MEP) are two members of a class of anionic ligands whose (31)P T(2) relaxation rates are remarkably sensitive to paramagnetic metal ions. The temperature dependence of the (31)P NMR line broadenings caused by the Mn(H(2)O)(6)(2+) ion and a water-soluble manganese(III) porphyrin (Mn(III)TMPyP(5+)) indicates that the extent of paramagnetic relaxation enhancement is a measure of the rate at which the anionic probes come into physical contact with the paramagnetic center (i.e., enter the inner coordination shell); that is, piDeltanu(par) = k(assn)[M], where Deltanu(par) is the difference between the line widths of the resonance in paramagnetic and diamagnetic solutions, and k(assn) is the second-order rate constant for association of the phosphorus ligand with the metal, M. Comparison of the (31)P T(1) and T(2) relaxation enhancements shows that rapid T(2) relaxation by the metal ion is caused by scalar interaction with the electronic spin. Relaxation of the phosphorus-bound proton of MeOPH ((1)H-P) by Mn(III)TMPyP(5+) displayed intermediate exchange kinetics over much of the observable temperature range. The field strength dependence of (1)H-P T(2) enhancement and the independence of the (31)P T(2) support these assertions. As in the case of the (31)P T(2), the (1)H-P T(2) relaxation enhancement results from scalar interaction with the electronic spin. The scalar coupling interpretation of the NMR data is supported by a pulsed EPR study of the interactions of Mn(H(2)O)(6)(2+) with the P-deuterated analogue of methyl phosphite, CH(3)OP((2)H)(O)(2)(-). The electron to (31)P and (2)H nuclear scalar coupling constants were found to be 4.6 and 0.10 MHz, respectively. In contrast, the effects of paramagnetic ions on the methoxy and ethoxy (1)H resonances of MeOPH and MEP are weak, and the evidence suggests that relaxation of these nuclei occurs by a dipolar mechanism. The wide variation in the relaxation sensitivities of the (1)H and (31)P nuclei of MeOPH and MEP permits us to study how differences in the strengths of the interactions between an observed nucleus and a paramagnetic center affect NMR T(2) relaxations. We propose that these anion ligand probes may be used to study ligand-exchange reactivities of manganese complexes without requiring variable temperature studies. The (31)P T(2) is determined by chemical association kinetics when the following condition is met: (T(2M,P)/T(2M,H))(Deltanu(P)/Deltanu(HP) - 1) < 0.2 where T(2M,P) and T(2M,H) are the transverse relaxation times of the (31)P and (1)H nuclei when the probe is bound to the metal, and Deltanu(P) and Deltanu(HP) are the paramagnetic line broadenings of the (31)P and (1)H-P nuclei, respectively. We assert that the ratio T(2M,P)/T(2M,H) can be estimated for a general metal complex using the results of EPR and NMR experiments.
Summers, JS; Hoogstraten, CG; Britt, RD; Base, K; Shaw, BR; Ribeiro, AA; Crumbliss, AL
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