A Monomer-to-Dimer Shift in a Series of 1:1 Ferric Dihydroxamates Probed by Electrospray Mass Spectrometry
Electrospray mass spectrometry (ESMS) was used to determine the stoichiometry of a series of 1:1 iron(III) complexes with model dihydroxamic acids H2L, [CH3N(OH)C(O)]2(CH2)n, and with the natural dihydroxamate siderophore rhodotorulic acid, RA. Parent (or complex molecular ion) peaks were observed at m/z 314, 286, 258, and 230 for the model complexes where = 8, 6, 4, 2, respectively, and at m/z 398 for the analogous RA complex. The isotope distribution patterns in the ESMS strongly suggest that the model complexes exist in a dimeric form, Fe2L22+, when = 2, 4. A monomeric structure, FeL+, is consistent with the isotope distribution patterns for the ESMS of the model complex when = 8, and for the RA complex. The model complex, = 6, exhibits more complicated ESMS data, suggesting that both monomer and dimer exist in solution. Molecular mechanics computational studies performed on the model complexes give a relative conformational strain energy, Em, of 9,10, 20, and 56 kcal/mol for n = 8, 6,4, 2, respectively, when a monomeric structure is assumed. When a dimeric structure is assumed for the model complexes, the relative strain energy, Ed, is 14, 13, 13, and 12 kcal/mol. For the RA complex, relative strain energies are 10 and 16 kcal/mol for the monomeric and dimeric structures, respectively. The shift from monomer to dimer as n is decreased is discussed in terms of the increase in conformational strain enthalpy in the monomeric structure as n is decreased. © 1994, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.
Caudle, MT; Stevens, RD; Crumbliss, AL
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)