Do we visit, call, or email? Media matter in close relationships


Journal Article

People use a variety of media to communicate with family and friends, though the evidence is sparse regarding whether differences in the quality of social relationships can be explained, in part, by differences in the media they use. Participants (N=446) in a longitudinal study of household technology use were asked to generate the names of up to 5 family or friends who lived nearby and up to 5 family and ffiiends who lived far away. For each relationship at three points during the course of one year, respondents reported the frequency of face-to-face, phone, and email communication as well as how close they felt toward them. Analyses indicated that an increase in phone communication was most strongly associated with an increase in feelings of closeness, regardless of whether family and friends were nearby or far away. Copyright © 2012 ACM, Inc.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cummings, JN; Kraut, R; Kiesler, S

Published Date

  • December 1, 2001

Published In

  • Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Proceedings

Start / End Page

  • 161 - 162

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1145/634067.634166

Citation Source

  • Scopus