Histologic evaluation of fetal brains following maternal pneumoperitoneum.
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine if maternal pneumoperitoneum with carbon dioxide (CO2) produces evidence of central nervous system (CNS) injury in preterm fetal guinea pigs. METHODS: Thirty pregnant guinea pigs at gestational day (GD) 45 were assigned at random to one of three treatment groups: anesthesia only, CO2 pneumoperitoneum (5 mmHg), or laparotomy. Dams were killed 3 or 5 days postprocedure and fetal brains (83 total) harvested and fixed for subsequent histopathologic evaluation. For comparative purposes, histologic features of fetal guinea pig brain injury were defined from examination of fetal brains harvested from an additional dam that underwent laparotomy with 20 min of uterine arterial occlusion. RESULTS: Carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum did not increase maternal/fetal morbidity. No evidence of brain injury was found in fetuses from any of the treatment groups. CONCLUSION: Carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum at 5 mmHg for 40 min in the pregnant guinea pig does not produce evidence of fetal brain injury.
Garcia-Oria, M; Ali, A; Reynolds, JD; Clary, E; Gandsas, A; Cummings, T; McMahon, RL; Bruch, S; Fina, M; Ko, A; Eubanks, S
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