Hafnium binary alloys from experiments and first principles

Despite the increasing importance of hafnium in numerous technological applications, experimental and computational data on its binary alloys is sparse. In particular, data is scant on those binary systems believed to be phase-separating. We performed a comprehensive study of hafnium binary systems with alkali metals, alkaline earths, transition metals and metals, using high-throughput first-principles calculations. These computations predict novel unsuspected compounds in six binary systems previously believed to be phase-separating. They also predict a few unreported compounds in additional systems and indicate that some reported compounds may actually be unstable at low temperatures. We report the results for the following systems: AgHf, AlHf, AuHf, BaHf{black star}, BeHf, BiHf, CaHf{black star}, CdHf, CoHf, CrHf, CuHf, FeHf, GaHf, HfHg, HfIn, HfIr, HfK{black star}, HfLa{black star}, HfLi{black star}, HfMg, HfMn, HfMo,HfNa{black star}, HfNb{black star}, HfNi, HfOs, HfPb, HfPd, HfPt, HfRe, HfRh, HfRu, HfSc, HfSn, HfSr{black star}, HfTa{black star}, HfTc, HfTi, HfTl, HfV{black star}, HfW, HfY{black star}, HfZn and HfZr ({black star} = systems in which the ab initio method predicts that no compounds are stable). © 2010 Acta Materialia Inc.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Levy, O; Hart, GLW; Curtarolo, S

Published Date

  • 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 58 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 2887 - 2897

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1359-6454

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.actamat.2010.01.017

Citation Source

  • SciVal