# Sets of matrices all infinite products of which converge

Published

Journal Article

An infinite product ∏∞i=1Mi of matrices converges (on the right) if limi→∞ M1 ... Mi exists. A set ∑={Ai:i≥1}of n x n matrices is called an RCP set (right- convergent product set) if all infinite products with each element drawn from ∑ converge. Such sets of matrices arise in constructing self-similar objects like von Koch's snowflake curve, in various interpolation schemes, in constructing wavelets of compact support, and in studying nonhomogeneous Markov chains. This paper gives necessary conditions and also some sufficient conditions for a set ∑ to be an RCP set. These are conditions on the eigenvalues and left eigenspaces of matrices in ∑ and finite products of these matrices. Necessary and sufficient conditions are given for a finite set ∑ to be an RCP set having a limit function M∑(d)=π∞i=1Adi , where d=(d1,...,dn,...), which is a continuous function on the space of all sequences d with the sequence topology. Finite RCP sets of column-stochastic matrices are completely characterized. Some results are given on the problem of algorithmically deciding if a given set ∑ is an RCP set. © 1992.

### Full Text

### Duke Authors

### Cited Authors

- Daubechies, I; Lagarias, JC

### Published Date

- January 15, 1992

### Published In

### Volume / Issue

- 161 / C

### Start / End Page

- 227 - 263

### International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

- 0024-3795

### Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

- 10.1016/0024-3795(92)90012-Y

### Citation Source

- Scopus