Encapsulation of peptides in biodegradable microspheres prolongs their MHC class-I presentation by dendritic cells and macrophages in vitro.

Published

Journal Article

Biodegradable microspheres (MS) consisting of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) represent a promising alternative to conventional adjuvants. The adjustable pulsatile release of encapsulated material from such MS offers the potential to mimic the priming and boosting injections of conventional immunization regimens. In this paper, we demonstrate that MS can serve as antigen reservoirs in antigen presenting cells (APC), so that antigen is presented for extended periods of time (up to 9 days). In particular, we could show by measurement of IFN-gamma production that encapsulated peptides were presented to cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) by mouse and human macrophages as well as by human dendritic cells in vitro for a longer time period as compared to soluble peptides. The extended antigen presentation may thus improve the CTL response in vivo. These results may be of paramount importance in cancer vaccination therapy since MS may serve as antigen reservoirs to extend the presentation time by APC used to boost the patient's immune response to tumor antigens.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Audran, R; Peter, K; Dannull, J; Men, Y; Scandella, E; Groettrup, M; Gander, B; Corradin, G

Published Date

  • March 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 11-12

Start / End Page

  • 1250 - 1255

PubMed ID

  • 12559806

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12559806

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-2518

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0264-410X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0264-410x(02)00521-2

Language

  • eng