Outcomes of child abuse.


Journal Article (Review)

The limited research available regarding the outcome of inflicted TBI suggests that this type of injury may be especially deleterious to infants and young children. It is likely that mechanisms of injury, age at injury, and circumstances of injury (i.e., child abuse and maltreatment) all contribute to these findings. Until recently, the investigations of TBI and child abuse and maltreatment have occurred on two separate tracks. The review of these two literatures indicates that the TBI outcome literature is strongly grounded in neuropsychologic methodology, whereas the child abuse and maltreatment literature depends most heavily on less brain-specific measures of general intellectual ability and academic achievement. The evidence reviewed here suggests that it is time for these areas of research to converge. Children with inflicted head injury should be evaluated not only to assess outcome related to TBI but to disconfirm the presence of PTSD, a developmental disorder that may also result in CNS changes. In this vulnerable population, longitudinal assessment well past the period of initial insult is imperative to assess the rate of development of skills, to identify deficient areas, and to plan appropriate interventions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Beers, SR; De Bellis, MD

Published Date

  • April 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 235 - 241

PubMed ID

  • 12391707

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12391707

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1042-3680


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States