Induction of autologous mixed lymphocyte culture responses by myelin basic protein-reactive T cell clones.
Myelin basic protein is an autoantigen present in the central nervous system suspected to be the target of destruction in multiple sclerosis. In the present study, we have demonstrated that T cell clones specific for myelin basic protein have the ability to induce proliferative responses in resting T lymphocytes in the autologous mixed lymphocyte culture (AMLC). T cell recognition of the AMLC stimulatory determinants on the clones required the presence of autologous monocytes. T lymphocytes primed against an autologous myelin basic protein-specific T cell clone displayed specific memory responses against the original stimulating clone and failed to exhibit secondary reactivity to 'sister' myelin basic protein-reactive clones and to autologous T cell clones specific for another antigen. Monoclonal antibodies specific for class II HLA-DR antigens inhibited secondary AMLC responses. Modulation of the T cell receptor from the surface of the clones decreased their AMLC stimulatory ability. These results indicate that idiotype-like determinants on the T cell receptor of autoantigen-specific T cell clones are capable of triggering anti-idiotypic T cell responses.
Rohowsky-Kochan, C; Eiman, D; Denny, T; Oleske, J; Cook, SD
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