The effect of carbohydrate restriction on prostate cancer tumor growth in a castrate mouse xenograft model.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: No- and low-carbohydrate diets delay tumor growth compared to western diet (WD) in prostate cancer (PCa) xenograft studies. The effect of these diets in concert with androgen deprivation is unknown. METHODS: A total of 160 male SCID mice were injected with 1× 10(5) LAPC-4 human PCa cells. Of these, 150 mice were castrated and randomized to an ad libitum WD or fed via a paired-feeding protocol with a no-carbohydrate ketogenic diet (NCKD), 10% carbohydrate diet, or 20% carbohydrate diet. The remaining 10 mice were not castrated and were fed an ad libitum WD. The mice were sacrificed once volumes reached 1,000 mm3 and survival tested using the log-rank test. Serum from the median surviving 8 mice/group was assayed for insulin, IGF-1, and IGFBP-3. RESULTS: Body weights were roughly equal among groups. The 10 non-castrated mice experienced accelerated tumor growth. Among castrated mice, WD had the most rapid tumor growth; 20% carbohydrate diet the slowest (P = 0.046). Survival was not significantly different among the various carbohydrate restricted groups (P = 0.51). When pooled, there was a non-significant trend (P = 0.11) in improved survival among the carbohydrate restricted diets versus WD. No significant difference in serum insulin, IGF-1, and IGFBP-3 levels was noted among all groups at pre-randomization or at sacrifice. CONCLUSIONS: A 20% carbohydrate diet slowed tumor growth versus a WD. Though the benefit of carbohydrate restriction was somewhat less than in prior studies in non-castrate mice, these data still suggest diets achievable in humans may play a role in PCa management.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Caso, J; Masko, EM; Ii, JAT; Poulton, SH; Dewhirst, M; Pizzo, SV; Freedland, SJ

Published Date

  • April 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 73 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 449 - 454

PubMed ID

  • 23038057

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3594433

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-0045

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/pros.22586


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States