The Effects of Marginal Deviations on Behavioral Development.


Journal Article

This investigation was conceptually framed within the theory of marginal deviations (Caprara & Zimbardo, 1996) and sought evidence for the general hypothesis that some children who initially show marginal behavioral problems may, over time, develop more serious problems depending partly on other personal and behavioral characteristics. To this end, the findings of two studies conducted, respectively, with American elementary school children and Italian middle school students are reviewed. These two studies show that hyperactivity, cognitive difficulties, low special preference, and lack of prosocial behavior increase a child's risk for growth in aggressive behavior over several school years. More importantly, they also show that equivalent levels of these risk factors have a greater impact on the development of children who, early on, were marginally aggressive.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Caprara, GV; Dodge, KA; Pastorelli, C; Zelli, A

Published Date

  • January 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 79 - 89

PubMed ID

  • 19960113

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19960113

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-531X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1016-9040

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1027/1016-9040.11.2.79


  • eng