Children's friends and behavioral similarity in two social contexts

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The general purpose of this study was to examine similarity between friends with respect to behavior. The specific goals were to consider; 1) different sources of evaluation (peer ratings and direct observations); 2) different social contexts (classroom and play group); and 3) different subtypes of aggressive behavior (proactive and reactive aggression). In the first phase of the study, sociometric assessments and peer evaluations of behavior were conducted in the school setting with third-grade boys and girls (n = 268). In the second phase, a subsample of boys participated in a series of play group sessions (n = 66). Direct observations and peer ratings of children's behavior were conducted in those sessions. Results showed in both social contexts a tendency towards similarity among friends, especially with respect to aggressive behavior. Separate analyses for subtypes of aggressive behavior revealed that the similarity hypothesis applied for proactive aggression but not for reactive aggression.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Poulin, F; Cillessen, AHN; Hubbard, JA; Coie, JD; Dodge, KA; Schwartz, D

Published Date

  • January 1, 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 224 - 236

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0961-205X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1467-9507.1997.tb00103.x

Citation Source

  • Scopus