Imposing dirichlet boundary conditions with Nitsche's method and spline-based finite elements

A key challenge while employing non-interpolatory basis functions in finite-element methods is the robust imposition of Dirichlet boundary conditions. The current work studies the weak enforcement of such conditions for B-spline basis functions, with application to both second-and fourth-order problems. This is achieved using concepts borrowed from Nitsche's method, which is a stabilized method for imposing constraints on surfaces. Conditions for the stability of the system of equations are derived for each class of problem. Stability parameters in the Nitsche weak form are then evaluated by solving a local generalized eigenvalue problem at the Dirichlet boundary. The approach is designed to work equally well when the grid used to build the splines conforms to the physical boundary of interest as well as to the more general case when it does not. Through several numerical examples, the approach is shown to yield optimal rates of convergence. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Embar, A; Dolbow, J; Harari, I

Published Date

  • 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 83 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 877 - 898

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0029-5981

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/nme.2863

Citation Source

  • SciVal