Psychometric testing of a health survey for field reporting of decompression outcome.

Published

Journal Article

A short, multi-item, self-administered diver health survey for measuring decompression illness (DCI)-related health status following diving was developed and tested. Seventy-six diver health surveys with subsequent diagnosis by hyperbaric specialists for DCI (yes, uncertain, no) were used for validity and reliability testing. Field testing in 21 occupational divers was used to evaluate test-retest reliability (n = 30) and typical diver health scores (n = 100). There was a significant correlation (Pearson's r = 0.50, P = 0.00001) between diver health scores and diagnosis for DCI. Cronbach's reliability coefficient was alpha = 0.73 and split half reliability was r(full) = 0.82. Test-retest reliability revised for dispersion was r(revised = 0.62. In working divers, a diver health score of six or greater indicated probable DCI with good specificity and sensitivity. The diver health survey provides a valid and reliable interval measure of DCI-related health status. For calibrating decompression models against diving outcome, an interval health score increases model degrees of freedom and may reduce response bias compared to a binary classification (yes/no DCI).

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Doolette, D

Published Date

  • January 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 137 - 142

PubMed ID

  • 11191159

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11191159

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1066-2936

Language

  • eng