Agreement between ultrasonic Doppler venous outflow and Kety and Schmidt estimates of cerebral blood flow.
1. The present study compares the indirect Fick nitrous oxide equilibration method of Kety and Schmidt for cerebral blood flow (CBF) estimation with a direct ultrasonic Doppler index of venous outflow. 2. Cerebral blood flow was determined simultaneously by the direct measurement of sagittal sinus blood velocity and the indirect Kety and Schmidt method in five anaesthetized sheep during high and low steady states of CBF. High- and low-flow states were achieved by altering ventilation to produce hypercarbia and hypocarbia, respectively. 3. Four different sets of calculations were used to make the Kety and Schmidt estimations: arterial-venous nitrous oxide concentration differences during uptake or elution of the indicator and with or without extrapolation of arterial-venous differences to infinity. 4. During 15 min nitrous oxide administration, apparent blood:tissue equilibration of nitrous oxide was rapid in some data sets and slow in others. 5. There were no significant differences in CBF estimates between any of the four Kety and Schmidt calculations or the direct ultrasonic Doppler venous outflow method; however, CBF estimates based on nitrous oxide uptake correlated more strongly with the direct method than estimates based on nitrous oxide elution. 6. In the high-flow state, CBF estimates based on nitrous oxide uptake, but not those based on elution, distinguished between rapid and slow blood:tissue equilibration of nitrous oxide. 7. This provides validation of the Doppler sheep brain venous outflow method against the widely used Kety and Schmidt method.
Doolette, DJ; Upton, RN; Grant, C
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