Exaggerated heart rate oscillations during two meditation techniques.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We report extremely prominent heart rate oscillations associated with slow breathing during specific traditional forms of Chinese Chi and Kundalini Yoga meditation techniques in healthy young adults. We applied both spectral analysis and a novel analytic technique based on the Hilbert transform to quantify these heart rate dynamics. The amplitude of these oscillations during meditation was significantly greater than in the pre-meditation control state and also in three non-meditation control groups: i) elite athletes during sleep, ii) healthy young adults during metronomic breathing, and iii) healthy young adults during spontaneous nocturnal breathing. This finding, along with the marked variability of the beat-to-beat heart rate dynamics during such profound meditative states, challenges the notion of meditation as only an autonomically quiescent state.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Peng, CK; Mietus, JE; Liu, Y; Khalsa, G; Douglas, PS; Benson, H; Goldberger, AL

Published Date

  • July 31, 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 70 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 101 - 107

PubMed ID

  • 10454297

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0167-5273

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0167-5273(99)00066-2


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands