Phase II trial of paclitaxel, carboplatin, and topotecan with G-CSF support in previously untreated patients with extensive stage small cell lung cancer: Southwest Oncology Group 9914.
PURPOSE: This phase II study (S9914) evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of the three-drug combination of paclitaxel, carboplatin, and topotecan with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support in previously untreated patients with extensive stage small cell lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed extensive stage small cell lung cancer received topotecan 1.0 mg/m intravenously on days 1 through 4; paclitaxel 175 mg/m intravenously on day 4, and carboplatin AUC = 5 intravenously on day 4, treatments were repeated every 21 days for a maximum of six cycles. All patients also received granulocyte colony-stimulating factor 5 mug/kg/day beginning on day 5 of each cycle. RESULTS: A total of 88 patients were enrolled on the study; 79 patients were assessable for survival and toxicity and 74 patients for response. Objective response was observed in 50 patients (68%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 56%-78%) with nine patients (12%) achieving a complete response. Median progression-free survival was 7 months (95% CI: 6-8 months) and median overall survival was 12 months (95% CI: 11-14 months). The 1- and 2-year survival rates were 48% (95% CI: 37%-59%) and 20% (95% CI: 11%-29%), respectively. The most common toxicities were hematologic. Grade 3 and 4 neutropenia was noted in 17 (22%) and 27 (34%) patients, respectively. Febrile neutropenia developed in only four patients. Two patients (3%) died of treatment-related causes. CONCLUSION: The combination of paclitaxel, carboplatin, and topotecan combined with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support is an active and reasonably well-tolerated regimen for the treatment of extensive stage small cell lung cancer.
Hesketh, PJ; McCoy, J; Dunphy, FR; Bearden, JD; Weiss, GR; Giguere, JK; Atkins, JN; Dakhil, SR; Kelly, K; Crowley, JJ; Gandara, DR
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