Targeted gene therapy for rat glomerulonephritis using HVJ-immunoliposomes.
BACKGROUND: Kidney targeted gene transfer has been attempted by many researchers over the last 10 years; however, unfortunately, no reliable technique for gene transfer to the kidney has been established. At experimental level several in vivo gene transfer methods have been reported. METHODS: We were the first to report successful in vivo gene transfer into the kidney using the HVJ-liposome method. Since then, this method has been modified to achieve highly efficient gene transfer. In this study, we have developed a renal glomerulus-specific gene transfer method using HVJ-liposomes with anti-Thy 1 antibody, OX-7. RESULTS: Following systemic delivery of fluoroisothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) by HVJ-liposomes coupled with OX-7, we observed fluorescence in renal glomeruli from 2 h post-administration. To examine the efficacy of this delivery system, NF-kappaB or scrambled (SD) decoy ODN was administered by HVJ-liposomes coupled with OX-7 into a crescent glomerulonephritis, anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) model. Animals given SD decoy ODN developed severe glomerulonephritis by day 7 with heavy albuminuria, glomerular crescent formation and up-regulated renal expression of IL-1beta and ICAM-1. In contrast, NF-kappaB decoy ODN treatment substantially inhibited the disease with a reduction in alubuminuria, histological damage and the renal expression of inflammatory cytokines. CONCLUSIONS: This study has demonstrated that systemic delivery of HVJ-liposomes coupled with OX-7 results in efficient ODN transfer in rat glomeruli. NF-kappaB, but not SD decoy ODN administered systemically via HVJ-liposomes complexed with OX-7 showed clear therapeutic potential for glomerulonephritis. This novel ODN transfer method combined with decoy strategy has the potential to lead to the establishment of a new therapeutic approach to glomerular diseases.
Tomita, N; Morishita, R; Yamamoto, K; Higaki, J; Dzau, VJ; Ogihara, T; Kaneda, Y
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