Intracellular third loops in AT1 and AT2 receptors determine subtype specificity.


Journal Article

The recently cloned angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptor is a member of the seven transmembrane G-protein coupled receptor superfamily with a relatively low sequence homology with the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor subtype and counteracts the growth action of AT1 receptor. Intracellular third loops are known to be involved in interactions with various G proteins. We hypothesized that the intracellular third loop plays critical roles in determining the specificity of opposite functions of AT1 and AT2 receptor subtypes and examined this possibility using chimeric AT1 receptor, of which intracellular third loop is replaced with that of AT2 receptor. We transfected this chimeric receptor into PC 12 cells and observed that stimulation of this receptor inhibited extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation and induces apoptosis, whereas the binding characteristics of this receptor remained those of ATI receptor. Taken together, these results support the notion that intracellular third loop is the critical determinant for mutually antagonistic AT1 and AT2 receptors' signaling pathways.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Daviet, L; Lehtonen, JY; Hayashida, W; Dzau, VJ; Horiuchi, M

Published Date

  • June 22, 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 69 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 509 - 516

PubMed ID

  • 11510946

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11510946

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0024-3205


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands