Angiotensin type 2 receptor dephosphorylates Bcl-2 by activating mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 and induces apoptosis.
We examined the cellular and signaling mechanism of angiotensin II (Ang II) type 2 (AT2) receptor-induced apoptosis in PC12W (rat pheochromocytoma cell line) cells that express abundant AT2 receptor but not Ang II type 1 receptor. In these cells, nerve growth factor (NGF) inhibited the internucleosomal DNA fragmentation induced by serum depletion, whereas Ang II antagonized this NGF cell survival action and induced apoptosis. We studied the mechanism of NGF and AT2 receptor interaction on apoptosis by examining their effects on the survival factor Bcl-2. AT2 receptor activation did affect intracellular Bcl-2 protein levels. Bcl-2 phosphorylation was stimulated by NGF, whereas AT2 receptor activation blocked this NGF effect. Pretreatment with antisense oligonucleotide of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase phosphatase-1 enhanced the effects of NGF on MAP kinase activation and Bcl-2 phosphorylation but attenuated the inhibitory effects of AT2 receptor on MAP kinase, Bcl-2 phosphorylation, and apoptosis. Taken together, these results suggest that MAP kinase plays a critical role in inhibiting apoptosis by phosphorylating Bcl-2. The AT2 receptor inhibits MAP kinase activation, resulting in the inactivation of Bcl-2 and the induction of apoptosis.
Horiuchi, M; Hayashida, W; Kambe, T; Yamada, T; Dzau, VJ
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