Trait anger, anger expression, and suicide attempts among adolescents and young adults: a prospective study.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Previous studies of the relationship between anger, anger expression, and suicidal behavior have been largely cross-sectional and have yielded mixed findings. In a prospective, naturalistic study, we examined how trait anger and anger expression influenced the likelihood of suicide attempts among 180 adolescents followed for up to 13.3 years after discharge from an inpatient psychiatry unit. Results showed that higher trait anger and anger expressed outwardly over the follow-up was related to increased likelihood of suicide attempts among boys. For girls, trait anger and both the inward and outward expression of anger moderated the risk for suicide attempts associated with major depression. These results are interpreted in light of theory regarding behavioral activation and behavioral inhibition systems.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Daniel, SS; Goldston, DB; Erkanli, A; Franklin, JC; Mayfield, AM

Published Date

  • September 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 661 - 671

PubMed ID

  • 20183651

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2854503

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-4424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/15374410903103494


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England