Use of a revascularized, tubed costal myoperiosteal graft for repair of circumferential, segmental tracheal defects.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Reconstruction of extensive laryngotracheal stenosis continues to pose a significant surgical challenge. Previous work in our laboratory has demonstrated the utility of vascularized perichondrium for reconstruction of cervical tracheal defects in a rabbit model. Because most potential vascularized donor sites in human beings are periosteal, it was important to demonstrate that vascularized periosteum was also useful for laryngotracheal reconstruction in a larger animal model. We therefore performed a 2-stage reconstruction of a circumferential, segmental cervical tracheal defect using a revascularized, tubed myoperiosteal graft in a canine model (n = 8). A rigid, patent tube was produced in 6 animals (75%) after completion of the first stage (7 to 10 weeks). After transfer of the vascularized free graft to the tracheal defect, 5 of 6 animals survived from 4 to 18 weeks. Severe stenosis (>90%) was present in 2 animals, and moderate stenosis (40% to 60%) was present in the remaining 3 animals. One animal was observed for 18 weeks and was found to have a 40% circumferential stenosis at autopsy. Light microscopy revealed exuberant bone proliferation in all specimens. Unrestrained osteogenesis may limit the utility of vascularized periosteum in reconstruction of extensive tracheal defects.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hoff, PT; Esclamado, RM

Published Date

  • May 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 120 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 706 - 712

PubMed ID

  • 10229597

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0194-5998

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1053/hn.1999.v120.a91760


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England