Nondialytic management of hyperkalemia and pulmonary edema among end-stage renal disease patients: an evaluation of the evidence.
Congestive heart failure (CHF) and hyperkalemia are the two leading reasons for emergency dialysis among individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). While hemodialysis provides definitive treatment of both hyperkalemia and volume overload among ESRD patients, for those who present outside of "regular dialysis hours," institution of dialysis may be delayed. Nondialytic management can be instituted immediately and should be the initial therapy in the management of hyperkalemia and CHF in these individuals. Current available evidence does not allow conclusions as to whether treatment with nondialytic strategies alone results in different outcomes than nondialytic strategies coupled with emergent hemodialysis. Therefore, whether or not nondialytic management alone is appropriate remains a matter of individual judgment that should be decided on a case-by-case basis.
Evans, K; Reddan, DN; Szczech, LA
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)