Experience with minimal complications in implanted catheters in children.
Eighty-two patients, ranging in age from 11 months to 24 years, underwent the percutaneous placement of an implanted catheter in order to have improved venous access. Thirty-five patients (43%) were beginning chemotherapy for cancer, four (5%) had a chronic hematologic disorder, and the remaining 43 (52%) were on chemotherapy for cancer. The mean duration of catheter function was 168 days (range of 7-1,030 days), with a cumulative experience of 18,812 days of catheter use. Complications were minimal. Only four catheters (5%) required removal secondary to infection, infiltration, or tissue breakdown. Substantially reduced complication rates were observed as compared to other studies using implanted central venous catheters. Implanted central venous catheters were proven to be safe in patients with hematologic disorders. These catheters enhance the ability to infuse chemotherapy, hyperalimentation, blood products, anesthesia, and imaging solutions and are safe to use in patients with a hemostatic or host defense deficiency.
Hockenberry, MJ; Schultz, WH; Bennett, B; Bryant, R; Falletta, JM
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