Acute lymphoid leukemia in adolescents: clinical and biologic features predict a poor prognosis--a Pediatric Oncology Group Study.

Journal Article (Clinical Trial;Journal Article)

Analysis of remission induction rates for 1,768 children (1.5 to 11 years) and 425 adolescents (greater than or equal to 11 years) with acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL), and of event-free survival times for 570 children and 147 adolescents, disclosed that adolescents fared significantly worse by both measures of treatment outcome (P = .0001). Adolescents with either T cell or non-T cell ALL entered remission significantly less often than did children (P = less than .02 and P = less than .001, respectively). Within each of the major immunophenotypes of ALL, adolescents had shorter duration of continuous complete remission: early pre-B (non-B, non pre-B, non-T) (P = .001), pre-B (P = .05), and T (P = .027). We compared the clinical characteristics of adolescents and children, and lymphoblast characteristics present at diagnosis to account for the inferior prognosis of adolescent patients. Adolescents had a higher incidence of T cell ALL (P = .0001) and thus a higher incidence of all T cell-associated characteristics. Adolescents with non-T, non-B ALL were more likely to be male (P = .044), and to have higher leukocyte counts (P = .002) and lower levels of IgG (P = .0003), IgA (P = .0001), and IgM (P = .002). Their leukemic cells had lower PAS scores (P = .0001), a higher incidence rate of L2 morphology by French-American-British (FAB) criteria (P = .001), common ALL antigen negativity (P = .0001), and hypodiploid or pseudodiploid karyotypes (P = .004). These findings clearly indicate an increased incidence of prognostically unfavorable clinical and biologic features in adolescents with ALL, providing a biologic explanation for their poor prognosis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Crist, W; Pullen, J; Boyett, J; Falletta, J; van Eys, J; Borowitz, M; Jackson, J; Dowell, B; Russell, C; Quddus, F

Published Date

  • January 1988

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 34 - 43

PubMed ID

  • 3422091

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0732-183X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1200/JCO.1988.6.1.34


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States