Retinal vein occlusion: beyond the acute event.
Retinal vein occlusion is a major cause of vision loss. We provide an overview of the clinical features, pathogenesis, natural history, and management of both branch retinal vein occlusion and central retinal vein occlusion. Several recent multicenter randomized clinical trials have been completed which have changed the approach to this disorder. Management of retinal vein occlusions can be directed at the underlying etiology or the resulting sequelae. Options include surgical intervention, laser photocoagulation, intravitreal pharmacotherapy, and sustained drug delivery devices.
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