Developmental pattern of cystine transport in isolated rat renal tubules.
Isolated renal cortical tubule fragments from rats ranging in age from less than 48 h to 15 weeks were used to examine the pattern of cystine uptake with development. Immature tubules took up cystine with a faster initial rate than mature tubules and did not reach a steady state by 60 min. By eight weeks of age, the timed uptake of cystine began to approach a steady state and between 8 and 11 weeks the uptake pattern achieved its adult form of reaching a steady state by 30 min of incubation. Analysis of the intracellular metabolism of the cystine taken up by the newborn tubules revealed that the majority had been reduced to cysteine with the formation of small amounts of reduced glutathione. Cystine entered the renal cortical tubule cell from the newborn via two saturable transport systems similar to the mature animal. The kinetic parameters of initial uptake of these two transport systems were similar in the mature and newborn animal except for a higher maximum transport velocity for the low Km, low capacity system in the newborn. Lysine inhibited cystine uptake by newborn tubules and this inhibition appeared to occur on the low Km, low capacity transport system similar to the adult. Cystine uptake was sodium dependent with an apparent affinity for sodium of 36 mequiv./l. From this data, the physiologic cystinuria of the immature animal does not appear to be refeable to a lower rate of influx as previously observed with the cortical slice. Other mechanisms should be sought to explain this phenomenon of immaturity.
Hwang, SM; Foreman, J; Segal, S
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